I use five different techniques for incorporating beads into my knitting. The first two techniques are traditional, dating back to at least the mid-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries respectively, and the last three are more recent developments. All but the last technique require prestringing beads onto your yarn.
Bead knitting is the technique to use for pictorial designs. It was popular with Victorian-era knitters and was used in baby bonnets, gloves, socks, handbags, and other small items. While you may use the technique for one-color and random designs, for pictorial designs you’ll have to prestring the beads according to a chart. Bead knitting is done on a stockinette-stitch background, and each bead is knitted or purled into a stitch.
With beaded knitting, a bead (or beads) lies on the thread between two stitches. With this technique you can actually shape your knitted piece by adding more beads; it is the method that was used in many 1920s beaded purses. The beads are usually all one color, so prestringing is a lot easier than for bead knitting with a chart. Beads lying between two knit stitches show on the back of the work; beads lying between two purl stitches show on the front of the work. Shaped pieces, such as the beaded purses, are done in garter stitch, and beads are incorporated on both sides of the fabric. You alter the shape by leaving more or fewer beads between the stitches.
Slipstitch bead knitting leaves a bead floating on top of a slipped stitch, and you can use the technique to add a bead on top of a knitted or a purled stitch. Beads may be place randomly or in a pattern, and because the bead lies on top of the fabric, it will not affect your gauge. When you get to the place where you want a bead, you bring the yarn to the front, slide one bead up close to the needle, slip the stitch, and work the next stitch. You may place a bead on the front side when working either right- or wrong-side rows.
Another option is carry-along bead knitting. With this method you string beads onto a separate thread that you carry along with your main yarn. This affords you the possibility of knitting with beads that are too small to thread onto your knitting yarn. You also can use large beads with this method. Because the beads are on a separate thread, they will not affect your gauge.
Finally, with hook bead knitting you can add beads to individual stitches with a crochet hook. With this method, no prestringing is necessary. When you get to the place where you want a bead, you place a bead on a small crochet hook, remove the stitch from the knitting needle, pull it through the bead, and then replace the stitch on the knitting needle. This can save wear and tear on delicate yarn.
Even more satisfying than knitting with beads is teaching others how to do it, too. Beginning next month, I’ll be taking my beaded sampler purse on the road, teaching in shops in Illinois, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, and New Jersey. You can find my schedule at www.judithdurant.com.
Here's a look inside Knit One, Bead Too.
Judith Durant is the author of Knit One, Bead Too, editor of the best-selling One-Skein Wonders knitting series, and the author of Never Knit Your Man a Sweater* (*unless you’ve got the ring!). She is also a founding editor of Interweave Knits magazine and a contributor to Beadwork, Interweave Knits, and Piecework magazines. She lives in Lowell, Massachusetts.